4 min readJul 13


In the cryptocurrency market, staking is one of the main ways to ensure a source of passive income. By investing in a project you believe in the long term, you receive rewards from the network — a highly attractive strategy.

However, staking presents a significant challenge: it locks up your capital in a smart contract for a certain period of time. This means that you cannot use your assets during this period. Emerging as an innovative solution, Liquid Staking Derivatives (LSD) allows you to use your assets in staking at any time, maximizing your opportunities.

In this article, we will explore what exactly liquid staking is and how it works. Additionally, you will discover why Liquid Staking Derivatives (LSD) play such an important role in the Ethereum ecosystem.


Liquid Staking is an evolution of traditional staking that allows continuous access to assets in staking. This approach combines the benefits of staking, such as generating rewards, with the flexibility of accessing DeFi ecosystem products. Imagine you have a quantity of ETH tokens. By staking these tokens, you can earn an annual yield rate (APY) of around 5%, generating passive income without needing to make any additional effort.

However, normally you cannot access your staked ETH until the lock-up period expires.

Liquid staking, however, removes this limitation. With it, you can lend your ETH, provide liquidity to a DEX, and even sell your staked ETH if you wish. This is possible thanks to the issuance of a derivative token representing your originally staked ETH — the Liquid Staking Derivative (LSD).


Liquid Staking Derivatives are synthetic assets that represent other assets. Their value is based on the underlying value of the asset they represent. This approach is similar to the way well-known crypto farms have been operating for some time. Users receive usable tokens that represent their stakes in liquidity pools (LP). With liquid staking derivatives, you can trade, lend, or use them as collateral in DeFi applications.

The current trend of liquid staking derivatives follows a similar path but with a focus on smart contract networks like Ethereum. As mentioned earlier, liquid staking derivatives offer the opportunity to continue utilizing your assets while they are staked.


When you stake an asset, you agree to lock up your capital in a smart contract for a certain period of time. During this period, you cannot trade or withdraw the staked assets. This lack of flexibility has significant implications in the cryptocurrency market, especially when seeking to earn passive income.

However, liquid staking resolves this limitation by granting derivatives of the staked assets. These derivatives can be used in the same way as the original assets before staking. This provides greater flexibility to investors, allowing them to make the most of their staked assets while contributing to the security of the networks.

Furthermore, most liquid staking derivative platforms also offer the option of fractional staking. This is especially important in networks where staking can be expensive, such as Ethereum, which requires a minimum of 32 ETH. With liquid staking derivative protocols, it is possible to stake with much smaller amounts. For example, in Rocket Pool, you can stake with just 0.01 ETH, receive staking rewards, and obtain a derivative token that can be used in the DeFi ecosystem.


Liquid staking incentivizes more investors to participate in staking, which is crucial for Proof of Stake (PoS) based networks as it represents the primary form of security against 51% attacks and other malicious activities. Additionally, the growing adoption of liquid staking can lead to more efficient cryptocurrency markets with higher liquidity. This approach allows locked-up capital to be utilized in the DeFi ecosystem through derivative tokens, generating more trading opportunities.

However, it is important to mention that liquid staking also presents some challenges. Compared to traditional staking, the annual yield rate (APY) of liquid staking is generally lower. This is because the flexibility to unlock assets at any time implies reduced returns. Additionally, liquid staking increases the likelihood of slashing, a mechanism that penalizes blockchain validators for malicious behavior or inactivity. This penalty can be a concern for some investors.


Liquid staking is a new way to earn passive income without the limitations of traditional staking. Liquid staking derivatives allow you to quickly unlock or utilize your staked assets in the DeFi ecosystem. The decision to invest in liquid staking depends on your preferences and risk appetite. Ultimately, it is up to each investor to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of liquid staking and make a decision based on their own needs and investment goals. With the ongoing evolution of the cryptocurrency market, liquid staking will certainly continue to play an important role, offering new opportunities and possibilities for crypto enthusiasts.




Uniera operates as crypto exchange and venture capital firm that supports early-stage projects.